Reasons for Jaw Bone Loss
The Importance of Teeth for Jaw Bone Health
Oral Health 101 - Tips for Healthy Teeth and Gums
The Importance Of Teeth For Jaw Bone Health
When a tooth is missing, it can lead to jaw bone loss at the site of the gap, affecting not only your appearance but your overall health.
A missing tooth can not only affect your looks, it may also affect your health. When one or more teeth are lost as a result of extraction, disease, trauma or deformity, this leads to bone loss in the jaw at the site of the gap. Over time, this may result in pain, problems with the remaining teeth, an altered facial appearance and the inability to speak and eat properly.
Why Teeth and Bone Are Important
As with muscle or any other tissue in the human body, bone tissue needs to be used to maintain its shape and overall health. Muscle tissue is maintained by exercise; bone tissue is maintained by putting stress or load on it.
Natural teeth are embedded in the jaw bone and attached via a root structure which, depending on the location and size of the tooth, varies in size, shape and complexity. Activities such as biting and chewing stimulate the root structure, which in turn stimulates the bone that the tooth root is attached to.
When teeth are missing, the alveolar bone – the portion of the jaw bone that anchors the teeth in the mouth – no longer receives this physical stimulation and starts to resorb, or break down, leaving a space or defect. The breakdown and rebuilding of bone is a natural, ongoing process that maintains normal, healthy bone where it is needed and removes bone where it is not needed. When teeth are lost, the body no longer "needs" this bone, and it subsequently goes away. If you choose to replace a lost tooth with a dental implant or other dental restoration device, you may need a procedure to preserve or rebuild the bone that has been lost.
Potential Consequences of Tooth And Jaw Bone Loss
Appearance-related side effects of tooth loss and subsequent jaw bone deterioration may include:
- Additional tooth problems, including loosening and loss;
- A collapsed facial profile;
- Reduced lip support;
- Increased wrinkling of the skin around the mouth; and
- The distortion of other facial features.
Health-related side effects may include:
- Additional tooth problems, including loosing and loss;
- Jaw (temporomandibular joint [TMJ]) pain;
- Sinus expansion;
- Drifting/misalignment of the remaining teeth;
- Over-eruption of the remaining teeth;
- Difficulty in communicating; and
- Inadequate nutrition.
Learn about the potential causes of tooth and jaw bone loss.
To find out if INFUSE® Bone Graft is right for you, talk to your oral surgeon.
The materials on this Web site are for your general educational information only. Information you read on this Web site cannot replace the relationship that you have with your health care professional. We do not practice medicine or provide medical services or advice as a part of this Web site. You should always talk to your health care professional for diagnosis and treatment.